Co-existing of HSV1/2 or EBV Infection with the Presence of High-Risk HPV DNA in Cervical Lesions in the Southwest of Iran

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Bacteriology and Virology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Diagnostic Laboratory Sciences and Technology Research Center, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

3 Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

4 Gastroenterohepatology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Abstract

Objective: While the vast majority of the cervical lesions have been attributed to the HPVs, the role of EBV and HSV1/2 as co-factors in the progression of these abnormalities needs more investigation. In this study, we aimed to determine the co-existence of EBV or HSV in cervical lesions infected with high-risk HPVs. Methods: Totally, 102 formaline-fixed cervical lesions with different pathological grades (LSIL, HSIL, and SCC) were enrolled in this study. DNA was extracted, and its integrity was examined by PCR assay. Two conventional PCRs were performed for the detection of EBV and HSV1/2 genomes in the tissue specimens. Besides, an in-house Real-Time PCR, as well as a nested PCR assays following sequencing, was performed to detect HPV genotypes in EBV or HSV positive samples.  Results: The mean age of the participants was 42.8±13 years. Out of 102 samples, 32% (n=33) were confirmed to be LSIL, 42.2% (n=43) were HSIL, 22.5% (n=23) were SCC and 2.9% (n=3) were adenocarcinoma.  EBV genome was detected in 13(12.7%) samples including 2 of LSIL, 8 of HSIL and 3 of SCC. All EBV positive samples harbored high risk HPV types 16,18 and/or 31 co-infections. However, the HSV genome was not found in any of the samples. Conclusion: Our result revealed that the frequency of EBV infection is higher in HISL than LSIL.  Moreover, the amount of HPV load showed an elevated level among co-infected patients, which indicates that EBV might be an enhancing factor of disease progression. In contrast, HSV may not has a role as a co-factor in cervical lesions pathogenesis.

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