Effectiveness of a Transanal Drainage Tube for the Prevention of Anastomotic Leakage after Laparoscopic Low Anterior Resection for Rectal Cancer

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

Department of Colorectal Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, China.

Abstract

Background and Objective: Anastomotic leakage is one of the most serious complications after laparoscopic low anterior resection Low Anterior Resection (LAR) for rectal cancers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a transanal drainage tube placed for the prevention of anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic LAR. Methods: The clinical data of 220 patients with rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic LAR using the double stapling technique Double Stapling Department of Colorectal Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College Technique (DST) from Jun 2017 to Dec 2018 were analyzed retrospectively at our institution. A transanal drainage tube was placed after anastomosis in 120 patients (TDT group). Another 100 patients were operated on without a transanal drainage tube (NTDT group). Clinicopathological and surgical factors, the frequencies of anastomotic leakage and re-operation after leakage were compared between the two groups. Results: Patient age, gender, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, previous abdominal surgery, intraoperative blood loss, tumor size, tumor stage, specimen length, distance of tumor from the anal verge, and operative time were comparable between the two groups. Overall rate of leakage was 4.5% (10/220). The frequency of leakage was 3.3% (4/120) in TDT group and was 6.0% (6/100) in NTDT group. The rate of leakage was significantly lower in TDT group (p<0.05). Furthermore, the re-operation rate for symptomatic anastomotic leakage was 50.0% (2/4) in TDT group, while in contrast it was 83.3% (5/6) in NTDT group. The rate of re-operation was lower in TDT group than NTDT group (p<0.05). Conclusions: The use of a transanal drainage tube in laparoscopic LAR for rectal cancer is a simple and effective method for prevention of anastomotic leakage and decreases the rate of re-operation after symptomatic leakage.

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