Document Type: Research Articles
Molecular Oncology Unit, Kasr Al-Aiby Centre of Clinical Oncology; Nuclear Medicine, School of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.
Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, Kasr Al Ainy Centre of Clinical Oncology, Nuclear Medicine, School of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is characterized by clonal expansion of myeloid precursors with diminished capacity for differentiation. It develops as the consequence of a series of genetic changes in a hematopoietic precursor cell. Purpose This study aimed to investigate the correlation between GM-CSF gene expression and different molecular prognostic markers such as FLT3-ITD, NPM1 mutation A and CEBPA gene expression in 100 Egyptian AML patients. As well as, correlation with the response to induction therapy, DFS andOS in these patients. Methodology: Quantitative assessment of GM-CSF gene expression was performed by qRT-PCR. Additional prognostic molecular markers were determined as FLT3-ITD and NPM1 mutation A together with quantitative assessment of CEBPA gene expression by qRT-PCR. Results: Patients with high GM-CSF expression levels had better OS and DFS with p value 0.004 and 0.02, respectively. However, no statistically significant difference between low andhigh GM-CSF gene expression was found regarding the response to therapy (p value= 0.08). Most patients with low CEBPA expression had resistant disease together with poor OS and DFS (P value =