Association of DNA Repair Genes XRCC1 and APE-1 with the Risk of Cervical Cancer in North Indian population

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Biotechnology, Era’s Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, India.

2 Department of Bioscience, Integral University Lucknow, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh, India.

3 Centre of Bio-Medical Research (CMBRL), Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

Abstract

Backgrounds: Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the leading cause of death in women worldwide, HPV infection is the major risk factor in the disease development, 0and however other risk factor such as chemical carcinogens, genetic susceptibility and altered immune system are also a cause of the disease progression. In the light of the above statement we studied the base excision repair pathway (BER). Methods: We identified and studied the association of Single Nucleotide polymorphisms in the DNA repair genes of XRCC1 (Arg194Trp, Arg399G,) and APE-1Asp/148Glu to the susceptibility of cervical cancer (CC) in North Indian population. In our study of cases (n=102). Controls (n=109) were recruited from among women without cervical abnormalities. Genotypes were determined by PCR-CTPP method, Taking DNA from peripheral blood in a case control study. Results: A positive association was observed between the polymorphisms of XRCC1 genes, that is, in codons 194 (P=0.03, odds ratio (OR) =2.39, 95% confidence interval (CI)=5.2–1.1), 280 (P=0.01, OR=4.1, 95% CI=11.5–1.3) and 399 (P=0.01, OR=3.4, 95% CI=8.6–1.3) while APE-1 genotype GG (p=0.03,odds ratio(OR)=0.2,95% confidence interval (CI)=0.97-0.004) we observed a statistically significant protective role in developing cervical cancer. Conclusion: Our results suggested that, XRCC1 gene is an important candidate gene for susceptibility to cervical cancer. Although the sample size was small, the present study indicate a statistical association between cervical cancer and XRCC1 SNPs. Future studies are needed that may provide a better understanding of the association between gene polymorphism and cervical carcinoma risk.
 

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