Comparison of Serum Trefoil Factor-3 to Endoscopy in Diagnosing Helicobacter Pylori Associated Gastric Ulcer

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Chemical Pathology, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Egypt.

2 Departments of Internal Medicine, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Egypt.

3 Edfina Hospital, Behira, Egypt.


Background and aim of the work: Helicobacter pylori-associated gastric ulcer (H.pylori-GU) is a serious condition, not only because H.pylori is identified as a grade 1 carcinogen but also because GU is a precancerous condition. Identification and treatment of H.pylori-GU may prevent the sequential progression of dysplasia to carcinoma. Trefoil factor 3 (Tf3) has been implicated in gastric mucosal repair. We compared serum Tf3 to gastric endoscopy in diagnosing H.pylori-GU. Subjects and methods: The study included eighty patients suffering from H.pylori induced gastritis, forty of which presented with GU. Gastric endoscopy with slide urease test was used to diagnose H.pylori-GU. Serum Tf3 level was determined using an enzyme immunoassay in all patients as well as thirty healthy volunteers. Results: Serum Tf3 showed a significant stepwise decrease among the studied groups. It was significantly lower in patients compared to the control group (p<0.001). Furthermore, it was lower in those with GU compared to those without GU (p=0.023). Based on a receiver operating characteristic curve generated cut off value of 2.4 ng/mL, the diagnostic performance of serum Tf3 as a biomarker of H.pylori-GU revealed a diagnostic specificity of 42.5%, sensitivity of 67.5%, positive and negative predictive values of 54% and 56.67% respectively. Conclusion: Although serum Tf3 showed significant variation in H.pylori-GU, further studies are warranted to confirm its role in the pathogenesis of gastric ulcers.


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