Impact of the Preoperative C-reactive Protein to Albumin Ratio on the Long-Term Outcomes of Hepatic Resection for Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahimachi, Abenoku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan.

Abstract

Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of preoperative C-reactive protein to albumin (CRP/Alb) ratio on the long-term outcomes of patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Methods: 82 patients who underwent hepatic resection for mass-forming type of ICC were evaluated. The relationship between preoperative CRP/Alb ratio and survival outcomes was investigated. Results: The optimal cutoff value of CRP/Alb ratio for assessing overall survival (OS) was determined as 0.089. Univariate analysis for recurrence-free survival (RFS) showed that CRP/Alb ratio >0.089, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) >37 U/mL, lymph node metastasis, vascular invasion, and multiple tumors were significantly associated with postoperative recurrence. On multivariate analysis, the independent prognostic factors identified were CRP/Alb ratio >0.089 (p < 0.001), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.006), and multiple tumors (p < 0.001). Univariate analysis for OS showed that CRP/Alb ratio >0.089, CA 19-9 >37 U/mL, lymph node metastasis, vascular invasion, multiple tumors, and positive surgical margin were significantly associated with overall death. On multivariate analysis, the independent prognostic factors identified were CRP/Alb ratio >0.089 (p < 0.001), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.01), and multiple tumors (p = 0.005). Conclusion: Preoperative CRP/Alb ratio may predict poor long-term outcomes after hepatic resection in patients with ICC.
 

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