Document Type: Research Articles
Tropical and Communicable Diseases Research Centre, Iranshahr University of Medical Sciences, Iranshahr, Iran.
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Iranshahr University of Medical Sciences, Iranshahr, Iran.
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
Genetics of Non-communicable Disease Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Science, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, Max Rady College of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.
Research Institute in Oncology and Hematology, Cancer Care Manitoba, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.
Background: Interleukin 27 (IL-27) has potent antitumor activity. Several epidemiological studies have designated that genetic variants of the IL-27 gene may contribute to various cancer susceptibility, but the data were inconclusive. Objective: The current meta-analysis aimed to address the association between IL-27 rs153109, rs17855750, and rs181206 polymorphisms and the risk of cancer. Data Sources: Our team has selected eligible studies up to May 1, 2020, from several electronic databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases. Results: Our meta-analysis revealed that the carriers rs153109 A>G polymorphism in the IL-27 gene have higher risks of diseases in the heterozygous (OR=1.26, 95%CI=1.06-1.49, P=0.007, AG vs AA), homozygous (OR=1.18, 95%CI=1.01-1.37, p=0.33, GG vs AA), dominant (OR=1.25, 95%CI=1.07-1.47, P=0.006, AG+GG vs AA), and allele (OR=1.15, 95%CI=1.04-1.27, P=0.008, G vs A) genetic models. Stratified analysis by cancer type indicated that this variant was significantly associated with gastrointestinal cancer, colorectal cancer and breast cancer. The findings did not support an association between rs17855750 T>G, rs181206 T>C polymorphisms of IL-27 and cancer risk. Conclusion: the current study findings suggest that IL-27 rs153109 polymorphism significantly increased the risk of cancer susceptibility. Well-designed replication in a larger independent genetic association study with larger sample sizes in diverse ethnicities is required to verify the findings.