Document Type: Research Articles
Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan.
Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan.
Objective: In Jordan, breast cancer (BC) affects a substantial proportion of Jordanian women, highlighting the need for studies to be carried out regarding the genetic component of the disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate the interaction between BC risk and prognosis and polymorphisms in genes (ATM, CASP8, FGFR2, FN1, IGF1, LSP1, MAP3K, MMP7, and RHOC) that were chosen for this study previously reported as having a role in the disease. Materials and Methods: Blood samples were collected from 242 BC patients and 231 disease-free volunteers recruited from the Jordanian population. DNA was extracted from blood and each sample was sent to the Australian Genome Research Facility for genotyping. Results: The rs1219648 SNP of the FGFR2 gene was the only investigated variant to show any direct association with BC in Jordanian women (p-value = 0.04). However, the CASP8rs6760993 SNP was found to be significantly associated with BC (p-value = 0.04) when using the dominant model. Other gene polymorphisms showed varying levels of association between some investigated SNPs and different BC risk and prognostic factors. Conclusion: Despite reports to the contrary in other populations, most of the investigated genes and their respective SNPs did not show any significant association with BC in Jordanian women. Our results underline the need for independent BC research to be carried out in the Jordanian population to decipher the genetic basis of the disease.