Circulating Irisin Levels and Redox Status Markers in Patients with Gastric Cancer: A Case-Control Study

Document Type: Short Communications

Authors

1 Student Research Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

2 Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

3 Department of Hemato Oncology, Valiasr Hospital, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

4 Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

5 Ayatollah Mousavi Clinical and Educational Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

6 Department of Biochemistry. School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

Abstract

Objective: Irisin, mostly known as an exercise-induced fat browning myokine, has been recently detected in several cancer cells, and its potential for being utilized as a biomarker for early diagnosis of some cancers, such as Gastric cancer (GC), is the subject of speculation. The present study aims to compare serum irisin levels in GC patients and healthy controls and assess the interrelation between irisin and oxidative stress markers. Methods: In this case-control study, 22 newly diagnosed GC patients and 29 healthy controls were recruited based on the inclusion criteria. Serum levels of irisin were quantified in duplicates by ELISA. Oxidative stress indices, including total antioxidant power in sera, thiol group, malondialdehyde, and superoxide dismutase concentrations, were also measured in both groups. An independent-sample t-test was used to compare the means between the two studied groups. Results: Serum levels of irisin were significantly higher in the GC group compared with those of their healthy counterparts (p =0.032). No significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of the serum total antioxidant power or the oxidative stress marker, including MDA, thiol groups, and SOD concentration in sera. Furthermore, there was no significant association between irisin, FRAP, the Thiol group, and the SOD activity. Conclusion: According to the finding, the increased serum levels of irisin in GC patients can play a potential role in the early diagnosis of the GC patients; hence, this peptide can be employed as a new diagnostic indicator of GC.
 

Keywords

Main Subjects