Expression of CD 133 in Invasive Ductal Carcinoma of Breast

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Pathology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research, Kolar, Karnataka, India.

2 Department of Surgery, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research, Kolar, Karnataka, India.

3 Department of Radiooncology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research, Kolar, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Background: CD133 is a commonly used cancer stem cell (CSC) marker in breast cancer. However, the association between CD133 expression, with clinicopathological features and prognosis in breast cancer, is poorly understood in the Indian subcontinent. This study was designed to explore the expression of CD 133 in breast carcinoma and to know its association  between CD133 and clinicopathological characteristics. Methods: A total of fifty seven cases were included in the study. All the clinicopathological parameters were collected from Department of Pathology archives. Slides, blocks, clinical information, tumor size and axillary lymph node status were obtained from medical records and the pathology reports. Immunohistochemistry was done using CD 133 antibodies. Both Cytoplasmic and membranous staining was taken a positive. Scoring was done based on percentage of positive cells and intensity of staining. MS Excel, SPSS version 22 (IBM SPSS Statistics, Somers NY, USA) was used to analyze data.p value < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Statistically significant association between the CD 133 expression and nodal metastasis, tumor stage and Nottingham prognostic index was analysed. There was no statistical correlation between CD 133 expression age, tumor grade and tumor size. The disease free survival showed the mean disease free survival of CD 133 positivity cases was 16months. And the patients who were negative for CD 133 expression had mean survival of 30 months. By the Kaplan Mayer graph it was evident that the more the CD 133 expression the lesser was the disease free survival of the patients. Conclusion: CD 133 expression was seen in 77.08% cases and was associated with tumor stage, lymph node metastasis, poor Nottingham prognostic index and  worse disease free survival. An increasing trend of association was seen between CD 133 expression and Age, Tumor Size and Tumor grade.
 

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