Document Type: Research Articles
Department of Biochemistry, Netaji Subhas Medical College and Hospital, Patna, India.
Department of Surgical Gastroenterology and Liver Transplant, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India.
Department of Biochemistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India.
To explore the diagnostic value, pre-operative serum thymidine kinase 1(TK1), CEA, CA 19-9 and CA 72-4 levels were measured in 106 patients with colorectal carcinoma (53 colon and 53 rectal carcinoma patients) and 53 healthy controls. Sandwich Elisa, biotin-labeled antibody kit was used for TK1, and other tumor markers were measured using electro-chemiluminescence. Serum TK1 levels were significantly higher in CRC than in healthy controls (p <0.05) and showed significant associations with tumor stage, histopathological grade, lymph node status and metastasis (p <0.01). TK1 showed the highest (0.824-0.862) area under receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) in comparison to other markers, and the AUC of the panel of combination tests performed even better (0.935-0.952). Significant variation was observed between the single biomarker test and their combination (Z test, p <0.01) and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed an adequate model of calibration. The algorithm based on combination of TK1, CEA, CA19-9 and CA72-4 can improve the diagnostic efficiency in CRC patients.