Implications of Glutathione Peroxidase 3 Expression in a Cohort of Egyptian Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Clinical Hematology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Oncology Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

2 The Hematology Unit, Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.

Abstract

Background: The impact of low expression of Glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPX3) on the clinical course of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is poorly investigated. Aims: To explore the status of GPX3 expression and analyze its clinical characteristics and prognosis in a cohort of Egyptian patients with AML. Methods: GPX3 mRNA level was assessed by RT-q PCR in 40 newly diagnosed AML patients and 10 healthy controls. Results: The gene expression level was significantly lower in AML patients than the control group (P < 0.001). A cut off value (0.1223) for the discrimination between AML and controls was obtained by ROC curve. According to this cutoff value; the patients were reassigned into 2 groups; 28 patients with lower GPX3 expression and 12 patients with high GPX3 expression. GPX3low expression was significantly associated with higher incidence of induction death (P= 0.037) and lower CR rate (P=0.048). Moreover, GPX3low expression was significantly associated with shorter cumulative 1-year overall survival (OS) (P = 0.001) and disease-free survival (DFS) (P=0.028). Conclusion: GPX3low expression status is considered a poor prognostic factor in AML predicting shorter OS and DFS. The study highlights the importance of targeting glutathione metabolism as a central component of the anti-leukemia therapy.

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