Document Type: Research Articles
Department of Anatomical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
Objective: Using nutraceuticals in cancer therapy is a strategy contributing with other approaches to promote apoptosis in cancer cells. Myricetin is a polyphenol flavonoid that forms main ingredients of various type of foods and beverages. The inducing properties of myricetin in apoptosis is reported by several investigations. The present study aimed to assess apoptotic effects of myricetin on T47D breast cancer cells and to evaluate part of the mechanisms of action. Materials and Methods: T47D breast cancer cells were assigned into five groups: control (cells in normal condition), myricetin (cells treated with myricetin IC50 concentration) in two different incubation times (24, 48 and 72 hours). MTT assay, annexin v assay, flow cytometry, caspase-3 assay and Real-time PCR were used to evaluate apoptosis in breast cancer cells. Results: The expression rate of apoptotic genes caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9, the ratio of BAX /Bcl-2 as well as the expression of P53, BRCA1, GADD45 genes were increased significantly after treatment of T47D breast cancer cells with myricetin. Annexin v assay confirmed significant expression of annexin as were displyed by flow cytometry. Conclusion: Myricetin enhances apoptosis in T47D breast cancer cells by evoking both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways. myricetin may practices its apoptotic properties on T47D cells through inducing BRCA1- GADD45 pathway.