Incremental Value of Post Diuretic 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET-CT in Characterization of Indeterminate lLesions in Prostate Cancer

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Radiologic Sciences, Kuwait University, Kuwait.

2 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kuwait Cancer Control Center (KCCC), Kuwait.

3 Sheikh Jaber Al Ahmad Al Sabah for Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Center, Kuwait.

4 Department of Chemistry, Government College University, Kotwali Rd, Gurunanakpura, Faisalabad, Punjab 38000, Pakistan.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of current study is to evaluate the role of diuretic assisted 68Ga-PSMA PET-CT, on image quality and clinical interpretation of indeterminate/equivocal lesions in pre-Lasix imaging of Prostate cancer. Materials and Methods: Forty-five patients underwent baseline 68Ga-PSMA-11 scan 45-60 minutes post tracer injection followed by post Lasix study after ±15 minutes. The contrast to noise ratios (CNR), noise and SUVmax were determined for the focal uptakes in both pre and post Lasix images. All continuous variables were expressed as mean ± SD. Images were assessed by two experienced physicians in order to  evaluate lesion detectability and delineations that have an impact on clinical interpretation. Results: Of total 45 patients, 12/45 (27%) showed unremarkable scan along with 33/45 (73%) showing metastases. Sixteen out of 45 (36%) of the metastatic scans showed indeterminate/equivocal lesions. In these cases, post Lasix study showed false negative findings in 7/45 (16%), better delineation of lesions 10/45 (22%), better confidence towards reporting lesions as abnormal in 5/45 (11%) with an overall 11/45 (24%) of the cases who showed increase in the number of the lesions after the Lasix study. The overall CNR was evaluated using Wilcoxon Rank test (p-value = 0.02) which suggested significant improved ratios in the post-Lasix imaging by 49.6%±24.5. There was a substantial agreement (k =0.76) between the physicians when comparing the lesion clarity and delineation in post Lasix images. The average score for physician one and two being 2.4 ±0.71 and 2.53±0.52 respectively. Conclusion: Post diuretic 68Ga-PSMA imaging at ± 15 minutes clears the unwanted activity in the urinary tract which in turn improves the contrast to noise ratios. Thus leading to decline in false positive findings, improved diagnostic certainty of physician and better detection of indeterminate lesions in 68Ga-PSMA imaging.

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