Tobacco Use and Its Association with Mental Morbidity and Health Compromising Behaviours in Adolescents in Indonesia

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Research Administration and Development, University of Limpopo, Turfloop, South Africa.

2 ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Phutthamonthon, Nakhonpathom, Thailand.


Background: Limited evidence has been established on associations between tobacco use and mental morbidity and health compromising behaviours. The study aimed to investigate the associations between tobacco use, mental problems, and health risk behaviour among adolescents attending school in Indonesia. Methods: Nationally representative data were studied from 11,124 adolescents that took part in the cross-sectional “Indonesia Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS) in 2015”. Results: The prevalence of current tobacco use was 12.8%. In adjusted logistic regression analysis, compared to non-current or never tobacco users, current tobacco use was associated with eight of eight mental problem indicators (lonely, anxiety, no close friend, suicidal ideation, suicide plan, suicide attempt and current alcohol use), two of four dietary risk behaviours (soft drink and fast food consumption) and seven of ten other health risk behaviours (in a physical fight, bullied, injury, ever sex, school truancy, and two sub-optimal hand hygiene behaviours). Conclusion: Compared to nontobacco users, current tobacco users had significantly higher mental problem indicators and health risk behaviours. Multiple comorbidity with tobacco use should be targeted in interventions.


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