Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Science, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3E 3P4, Canada.
Genetics of Non-Communicable Disease Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
Children and Adolescent Health Research Center, Resistant Tuberculosis Institute, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
Faculty of Medicine, Katowice School of Technology, 40-555 Katowice, Poland.
Autophagy Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an essential role in the susceptibility and development of cancer cells. Objective: Examining the dependency of breast cancer risk with genetic polymorphisms of miR-1307, miR-1269, and miR-3117 in a sample of Iranian women (southeast region). Methods: The case-control study consisted of 520 individuals (260 diagnosed BC patients, 260 healthy individuals). The polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method was used for genotyping of miR-1307 rs7911488, miR-1269 rs73239138, and miR-3117 (rs4655646 and rs7512692) polymorphisms. Results and Conclusion: This study provided evidence that miR-1307 rs7911488 polymorphism significantly reduced the risk of BC in heterozygous AG genotype, as well as dominant (AG+GG) genotype and G allele. A significant correlation was found between dominant (AA+AG) genotype, the A allele and protection against BC due to miR-1269 rs73239138 in the sample of study. In contrast, our findings suggested that AG genotype and G allele of miR-3117 rs4655646 polymorphism could increase BC’s susceptibility among the southeastern Iranian females. The miR-3117 rs7512692 variant also increased the risk of BC in codominant, dominant and recessive models, as well as the T allele. The possible dependency of miR-1307, miR-1269, and miR-3117 variants with patients’ clinicopathological characteristics and BC was also studied. It was concluded that there is a correlation between miR-3117 rs7512692 variant and tumor grade (p=0.031); also, a correlation between miR-1269 rs73239138 variant and progesterone receptor status (p=0.006). The current investigation revealed that miR-1307, miR-1269, and miR-3117 polymorphisms might play a crucial role in the Iranian population’s vulnerability to BC.