Document Type : Research Articles
Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Advanced Medical Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Sciences and Technology, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Objective: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) expression has deregulated in several cancer types including breast cancer (BC). The present study aims at investigating the role, mechanism, clinical value of let-7d and miR-185 in BC, and the possible correlation these miRNAs with Rab25. Materials and Methods: Tumor samples as well adjacent normal tissues (ANT) were acquired from fresh surgical specimens from 110 patients and the expression levels of let-7d, miR-185, Rab25, and snail were evaluated using real-time PCR. The immunohistochemical (IHC) process and western blot were done to detect the level of Rab25 and Snail protein expression in BC samples. Results: By comparing miRNAs expression profiles in clinical tissues of 110 patients using real-time PCR, let-7d, and miR-185 expression were dramatically downregulated in BC tissues (P < 0.05). Tumor size, stage, and lymph node metastasis were significantly related to miRNAs expression. Based on qRT-PCR and bioinformatics database analyses, we also recognized Rab25 as a possible target of miR-185 and let-7d. Rab25 expression was enhanced in BC cells and associated inversely with the expression level of mentioned miRNAs. qRT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, and western blot studies verified that Rab25 upregulation increased the levels of the snail, that key transcription factor of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Conclusion: These findings demonstrated that let-7d and miR-185 inhibited EMT by targeting Rab25 expression in BC. Therefore, targeting the let-7d and miR-185/Rab25 interaction may offer new therapeutic opportunities for treating BC patients.