Significance of HIF-1α Expression and LOXL-2 Localization in Progression of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

Department of Oral Pathology, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, India.

Abstract

Backgroud: In the microenvironment of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC), Hypoxia-inducible transcription factor 1 (HIF-1) is a very important chemical mediator in the microenvironment of OSCC through which cells respond to hypoxia. LOXL-2 participates in ECM remodelling, and also in regulating epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, epithelial cell polarity and differentiation. Aim/material and methods: The present study was conducted on 90 histopathologically proven cases of OSCC to ascertain the role of HIF-1α and LOXL-2 in OSCC. Immunoexpression of both HIF-1α and LOXL-2 was analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively and compared with tumor stage, nodal stage, clinical stage, and histological grade. Results: Tumor stages and nodal stages had significant correlation with HIF-1α expression and localization of LOXL-2 immunoexpression respectively. Conclusion: This is probably the first study to analyze LOXL-2 localization in OSCC. Alteration in the immunoexpression of LOXL-2 from nuclear to cytoplasmic and HIF-1α immunoexpression might be an important factor in progression of OSCC.

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