Document Type: Research Articles
Kazakh Institute of Oncology and Radiology. Almaty, Kazakhstan.
S.D. Asfendiyarov Kazakh National Medical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynaecological Oncology, Hacettepe, University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
Kazakhstan’s School of Public Health, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Kazakh Medical University of Continuing Education, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Background: Up to date, there no studies were conducted on the quality of life (QL) and sexual function (SF) of women from Kazakhstan treated for cervical cancer. The study was aimed at the assessment of the QL and SF of women of the Kazakh population who underwent radical hysterectomy compared with chemo-radiotherapy group. Methods: The study was conducted prospectively on 157 women of the Kazakh population. 92 women underwent radical hysterectomy (RH) and 65 underwent chemo-radiotherapy (CRT). The information was collected before treatment (T1), 6 months (T2) and 12 months (T3) after treatment. Results: The women’s average age was 41.12 ± 5.4 in the RH group and 47.24 ± 6.1 in the CRT group (p = 0.2). We did not detect significant differences between both groups according to the QLQ C-30 questionnaire (T1). The differences between the RH and CRT groups (p≤0,05) were observed in terms of physical functioning, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, pain during the T2 period. High rates of emotional functioning (p = 0.03), global health and QL (p = 0.02), and symptoms of fatigue (p = 0.04) were detected in the RH group compared to the CRT group during T3. However, pain symptoms (p = 0.001), nausea and vomiting and loss of appetite (p = 0.03) were dominated the CRT group. According to the results of FSFI-6 in the RH group, indicators for the domains “desire” (p = 0.02), “excitement” (p = 0.03), and “orgasm” (p = 0.05) were high, unlike in the CRT group during the T3 period. Nevertheless, the number of complains on the ‘pain during intercourse’ in the CRT group was higher than in the RH group (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Women who underwent RH had better health scores, global health status, and SF compared with patients treated with CRT.