Experience of Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Project in a Community Set Up-An Indian Study

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Gynaecological Oncology, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37 S P Mukherjee Road, Kolkata-700026, West Bengal, India.

2 Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Vivekananda Institution of Medical Sciences, 99 Sarat Bose Road, Kolkata-26, India.

3 Department of Surgical Oncology, Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Vibhuti Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow, 226010, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Background: Initial introduction of HPV vaccination from 2006 to 2008 was largely confined to high-income countries (HIC), such as Australia, the United States, and Europe, where cervical cancer incidence is lowest. Much of the post-introduction literature has come from HICs, with a focus on coverage levels achieved, provider acceptability and early impact of vaccination on disease endpoints. However, there are a few literature evaluating the mechanics of delivery, feasibility of the health system and acceptability from low and middle income countries (LMICs). The primary objective was to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and safety of two dose HPV vaccination in adolescent girls between 9-14 years. Methods: After an orientation camp followed by filling up of prevaccine questionnaires by parents on HPV related diseases and its vaccines and informed consent, girls between9-14years were vaccinated. They were asked to report any side effects in the next 24 hours after each dose. Parents were contacted on Day 7 and Day 30 to enquire about any side effects . Total 3 visits were required i.e two for the vaccination and one visit at 7th month post completion of second dose. To estimate the acceptability, successful completion of two doses by at least 80% of the girls were measured. For measurement of acceptability, either of the parents were recalled along with their daughter at 7th month and were asked to fill up a pre-set questionnaire. Results: After institutional ethical clearance, 555 girls were recruited in the study from rural parts of West Bengal, India between July, 2017 to November, 2017. Out of which, 544 girls (98%) received their 2nd dose between January, 2018 and May, 2018 without any serious adverse effects. No serious adverse effect was reported on follow up till December, 2019. Conclusion: The introduction of HPV vaccination is feasible in large scale and the vaccine is well accepted and safe.
 

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