Document Type: Research Articles
Pathology and Stem Cells Research Center, Department of Pathology, Kerman University of Medical Science, Kerman, Iran.
Health Services Management Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
Background: The relationship between the expressions of matrix metalloproteinases with clinico-pathological data on gastric cancer has been investigated in many countries, but this relationship remains unexplored in Iranian patients. Also, the correlation of the MMPs and the HER-2/neu proto-oncogene with other clinic-pathological variables has been evaluated for several other malignancies, but little effort has been made to shed light on the relationship with gastric cancer. Methods: We investigated MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression and HERE-2/neu overexpression in 48 gastric cancer patients referred to Afzalipour Hospital, associated with Kerman Medical University. Immunohistochemistry staining with rabbit polyclonal antibodies was used. Data statistical analysis was done by SPSS software (Version 20.0). Results: The mean age was 59, most of the patients were male (79.2%), and the average tumor size was larger than 5 centimeters in its greatest diameter. The majority of tumors were of the intestinal subtype and were located in the pyloric and antrum regions (43.8%). Invasion to muscularis properia was seen in 87.5% of the tumors (T3). MMP-2 and MMP-9 were highly expressed in 58.3% and 50% of cases, respectively, and Her-2/neu positivity was 10.4%. MMP-2, MMP-9 and HER-2 were found to have no relation with any clinicopathological parameters. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, MMP-2 and MMP-9 were highly expressed in gastric cancer, but there was no significant association with other clinicopathological variables.