Exosomal Protease Cargo as Prognostic Biomarker in Colorectal Cancer

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Cancer Research Institute, Tomsk National Research Medical Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Russia.

2 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine and Biology, Siberian State Medical University, Tomsk, Russia.

3 Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

4 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, V. Zelman Institute for the Medicine, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to develop a model for predicting cancer risk in colorectal polyps’ patients (CPPs), as well as to reveal additional prognosis factors for Stage III colorectal cancer based on differences in subpopulations of tetraspanins, tetraspanin-associated and tetraspanin-non-associated proteases in blood plasma exosomes of CPPs and colorectal cancer patients (CRCPs). Methods: The subpopulations of CD151- and Tspan8-positive exosomes, the subpopulations of metalloproteinase at the surface of СD9-positive exosomes and the level of 20S proteasomes in plasma exosomes in 15 CPPs (tubulovillous adenomas) and 60 CRCPs were evaluated using flow cytometry and Western blotting. Logistic regression analysis was performed to predict cancer risk of CPPs. Results: The levels of 20S proteasomes in exosomes, MMP9+, MMP9+/MMP2+/EMMPRIN+ in CD9-positive blood plasma exosomes are associated with the risk of malignant transformation of colorectal tubulovillous adenomas.  In patients with Stage III CRC, the levels of 20S proteasomes (less than 2 units) and MMP9+ subpopulations (more than 61%) in plasma exosomes are unfavorable prognostic factors for overall survival. The levels of 20S proteasomes and ADAM10+/ADAM17- subpopulations in CD9-positive blood plasma exosomes are the most significant values for predicting relapse-free survival. Conclusion: Protease cargo in CD9-positive blood plasma exosomes is prognostic biomarker for colorectal polyps and colorectal cancer.

Keywords

Main Subjects