CD34 is not Expressed by Blasts in a Third of B-ALL Patients and its Negativity is associated with Aberrant Marker Expression: A Retrospective Analysis

Document Type: Case series

Authors

Department of Pathology, University College of Medical Sciences & Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Dilshad Garden, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Background: CD34 antigen is expressed by early hematopoietic progenitor cells and acute leukemia cells. Its expression is associated with good prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia. Literature is sparse on its prognostic significance in B- acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) especially from India. Hence the present study was undertaken to analyse the frequency of CD34 expression in B-ALL in Indian patients and determine its prognostic significance by associating with other prognostic markers and aberrant antigen expression. Methods: Seventy-five B-ALL patients diagnosed by flow cytometry over a period of 3½ year were studied. Correlation of CD34 expression was studied with gender, age, total leucocyte count (TLC), French-American-British (FAB) morphological type, immuno-phenotypic markers, cytogenetics and minimal residual disease. Differences between groups were evaluated using Student’s T-test for quantitative data and Chi-square test/Fishers exact T-test for qualitative variables. P value

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