Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.
Background: To evaluate the role of diffusion MRI in differentiating pediatric posterior fossa tumors and determine the cut-off values of ADC ratio to distinguish medulloblastoma from other common tumors. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed MRI of 90 patients (7.5-year median age) with pathologically proven posterior fossa tumors (24 medulloblastoma, 7 ependymoma, 4 anaplastic ependymoma, 13 pilocytic astrocytoma, 30 diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG), 4 ATRT, 3 diffuse astrocytoma, 2 high grade astrocytoma, 2 glioblastoma, and 1 low grade glioma). The conventional MRI characteristics were evaluated. Two readers reviewed DWI visual scale and measured ADC values by consensus. ADC measurement was performed at the solid component of tumors. ADC ratio between the tumors to cerebellar white matter were calculated. Results: The ADC ratio of medulloblastoma was significantly lower than ependymoma, pilocytic astrocytoma and DIPG. The ADC cut-off ratio of ≤ 1.115 allowed discrimination medulloblastoma from other posterior fossa tumors with sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of 95.8%, 81%, 67.6% and 97.9%, respectively. ADC ratio cut-off level to differentiate medulloblastoma from ependymoma was ≤ 0.995 with area under the curve (AUC)= 0.8693. ADC ratio cut-off level for differentiate medulloblastoma from pilocytic astrocytoma at ≤ 1.17 with AUC = 0.9936. ADC cut-off level for differentiate medulloblastoma from DIPG at ≤ 1.195 with AUC = 0.9681. The ADC ratio was correlated with WHO grading by the lower ADC ratio associated with the higher grade. Furthermore, High DWI visual scale was associated with high grade tumor. Conclusion: Diffusion MRI has a significant role in diagnosis of pediatric posterior fossa tumors. ADC ratio can be used to distinguish medulloblastoma from other posterior fossa tumor with good level of diagnostic performance.