Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran/Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia.
Introduction: Cervical cancer is the 3rd most common cancer in women. In late stages, obstructive uropathy due to mass infiltration is common and the mainstay of treatment for this condition is palliative urinary diversion through percutaneous nephrostomy. Nevertheless, complications due to nephrostomy may have adverse effects on some patients. Further study is necessary to determine whether nephrostomy is suitable for all cervical cancer patients with obstructive uropathy. This study aims to identify the determinants of survival rate of cervical cancer patients undergoing nephrostomy for obstructive uropathy and determine the group of cervical cancer patients that would benefit the most from nephrostomy. Methods: Data were obtained from medical records of cervical cancer patients in Hasan Sadikin Central Public Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019. Log-rank analysis was performed to assess the survival rate of patients based on clinical conditions (age, metastasis, and ECOG performance status) and initial laboratory results (hemoglobin, leukocyte, thrombocyte and blood acidity). Results: A total of 163 cases were identified from the medical records, with a median survival of 5(1-17) months. The results of the analysis showed that the survival rates of cervical cancer patients undergoing nephrostomy were significantly affected by age (p = 0.0001), metastasis (p = 0.0001), and ECOG performance status (p = 0.0001), while laboratory findings were not significant factors affecting survival (pHb=0.501; pLeu=0.634; pTr=0.077; pBGA=0.687). Conclusion: The survival after nephrostomy in advanced cervical cancer patients is largely affected by age, metastasis, and performance status. The choices of doing nephrostomy in those patients should be considering those factors to maximize the benefit over the risk of complications.