Document Type : Research Articles
Neuroscience Research Center, Neuropharmacology Institute, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Shafa Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
Objective: In loco regionally advanced head and neck cancer, the superiority of concomitant cetuximab with radiation over radiation alone has been proven previously. But comparison between chemo radiation and bioradiation has not been well studied. Methods: Between October 2013 and August 2017, 38 patients with locoregionally advanced laryngeal cancer and more than 50% response to 3 cycles of induction chemotherapy (docetaxel and cisplatin: both with a dose of 75 mg/m2 on the first day and 5-flurouracil: 750 mg/m2 during days 1to 3; repeated every 21 days) were selected to receive either carboplatin (18 patients, AUC 1.5 , weekly) or cetuximab (20 patients, with loading dose of 400 mg/m2 and weekly dose of 250 mg/m2) with radiation. A Kaplan–Meier analysis was used to calculate progression free survival and overall survival rates. The log–rank test was used to compare overall survival between treatment groups. Results: The median follow up time was 36 months. The 2-year organ preservation rate of 78.9% was achieved. The 3- year progression-free survival rates of 65.2%, 72.7% and 58.2% were observed for all patients, carboplatin group and cetuximab group, respectively (p=0.4). The 3-year estimates of overall survival were 67.8%, 69.2 %, and 66.3 % for all patients, carboplatin group and cetuximab group, respectively (p=0.47). Concomitant carboplatin was discontinued in 3 patients due to toxicity Conclusion: Concomitant cetuximab is a reasonable alternative to concomitant chemotherapy. But the difference in treatment outcome between bioradiation and chemoradiation remains to be defined.