Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Clinical Pathology, Haematology Unit, Mansoura University Oncology Centre, Mansoura University, Egypt.
Mansoura University Oncology Center Laboratories; Mansoura University; Egypt.
Department of Internal Medicine, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.
Background: Recent reports suggested relation between Interferon Gamma (IFN-γ) gene polymorphism and the risk of development of HCC on top of hepatic cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to address the predictive value of Interferon Gamma gene receptor (IFN-γR) polymorphisms for the occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma on top of liver cirrhosis. Patients and Methods: This is a case control study performed on patients selected from the outpatient hepatology clinic, specialized medical hospital, Mansoura University, Egypt, from August 2017 to February 2019. The included patients were categorized into two groups; 60 patients with HCC on top of cirrhosis and 20 patients with hepatic cirrhosis. For all patients IFN-γR polymorphism was identified by RFLP. Results: Our study showed that HCC patients had male predominance. Additionally, diabetes mellitus (DM) was found in 28.3% of total HCC patients. Half of HCC patients in this study were from rural areas (50%). The frequency of AA at position -611 in the IFN-γR (-611 IFN-γR) was significantly higher in the HCC group as compared to cirrhotic group (P=0.021). Moreover; the frequency of CC and CT genotypes of IFN-γR -56 was not significantly different in HCC group as compared to control group (P>0.05). The IFN-γR (-611 IFN-γ) AA genotype significantly increased risk of HCC (OR= 0.78, 95% CI= 0.10-6.39; P= 0.042). Conclusion: The analysis of IFN-γR -611 single nucleotide gene polymorphism could be a valuable marker for predicting subgroup of cirrhotic patients with high risk of developing HCC. Cirrhotic patients have AA genotype of IFN-γR-611 recommended to be under close follow up.