Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Pharmacy, University of Asia Pacific, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Department of Pharmacy, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh.
Objective: Alterations in common DNA repair genes (RAD51 and XRCC2) may lead to cervical cancer (CC) development. In the present study, we analyzed the association between RAD51 rs1801320 and XRCC2 rs3218536 polymorphisms and CC. Methods: Variants were selected based on their associations with some cancers in several ethnicities and the risk allele frequency (>0.05) in different populations. The variants were detected using the PCR-RFLP method. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were determined by logistic regression models. Result: Significantly increased risk (p <0.05) were detected for both SNPs with CC (rs1801320- GC vs. GG: aOR=2.21, 95% CI=1.43-3.42; CC vs. GG: aOR=4.48, 95% CI=1.76-11.42; dominant model: aOR=2.49, 95% CI=1.65-3.76; recessive model: aOR=3.52, 95% CI=1.40-8.88; allele model: OR=2.30, 95% CI=1.63-3.26, and rs3218536- GA vs. GG: aOR=2.77, 95% CI=1.85-4.17; AA vs. GG: aOR=5.86, 95% CI=2.08-16.50; dominant model: aOR=2.97, 95% CI=1.99-4.42; recessive model: aOR=3.56, 95% CI=1.30-9.73; and allele model: aOR=2.21, 95% CI=1.62-3.00). Besides, older patients (>60 years) with rs1801320 showed significantly reduced risk (OR=0.53, 95% CI=0.29-0.96, p=0.04) but with rs3218536 depicted significantly increased risk (aOR=2.44, 95% CI=1.20-4.96, p=0.01) for CC. Conclusion: This study indicates an association of rs1801320 and rs3218536 polymorphisms with CC and confirms that patients older than 60 years are more likely to develop CC for rs3218536 polymorphism.