Document Type : Research Articles
Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy Service, Manaus Adventist Hospital, Manaus, Brazil.
School of Health Sciences, State University of Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil.
Carlos Borborema Clinical Research Institute, Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado Tropical Medicine Foundation, Manaus, Brazil.
Department of Pathology, Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado Tropical Medicine Foundation, Manaus, Brazil.
Department of Education and Research, Amazonas Oncology Control Center Foundation, Manaus, Brazil.
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil.
Objective: The objective of the present study was to estimate the frequency of CYP2C19 cytochrome variants *1, *2, *3 and *17 among Helicobacter pylori carriers from Manaus, Amazonas state, who were treated at Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado (FMT-HVD). Methods: From the 78 recruited individuals who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with biopsy and histopathological test, 50 tested positive for H. pylori. Peripheral blood was collected from this group and CYP2C19 *2, *3 and *17 alleles were genotyped using qPCR. Results: Of the 50 H. pylori + individuals, 22 were male and 28 were female. Their age varied from 18 to 67 years old, with the mean age being 40.24. Racial groups were classified by self-declaration, based on the official Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) categories: 16% (8) were white, 78% (39) were brown, 4% (2) were black, and 2% (1) were indigenous. H. pylori infection was classified using the system of crosses, with 30% (15) of infections being classified as mild (+), 30% (15) as moderate (++), and 40% (20) as severe (+++). The CYP2C19 genotype results showed an allelic frequency of 11% for *2 (20% of the subjects), 6% for *3 (10% of the subjects) and 17% for *17 (30% of the subjects). Based on the phenotypic profiles, the individuals were classified as poor metabolizers (PM, 10%), intermediate metabolizers (IM, 2%), extensive metabolizers (EM, 58%) and ultra-rapid metabolizers (UM, 20%). Conclusions: Even though the percentage of allele *3 was higher than expected, the percentage of allele *17, a possible contributor to H. pylori eradication failure, was also significant. The population that self-declared as brown showed a unique genotypic pattern, unlike any other population described in previous studies. Our results show that small populations may have genetic particularities that are relevant to therapeutic outcomes.