Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Biochemistry, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran.
Cancer Molecular Pathology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Department of Physiology, School of Basic Science, Neyshabur Branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran.
Background and Aim: Tripartite Motif Containing 16 (TRIM16) is a member of the TRIM protein family which is known to play a suppressor role in development of numerous tumor types. However, a positive correlation between TRIM16 expression and gastric cancer (GC) progress has created a controversial situation that need to be fully delineated. The aim of this study was to assess the expression level of TRIM16 mRNA and its relationship with β-catenin, CyclinD, and BCL2 expression in Iranian GC patients and to investigate its possible association with patients’ overall survival. Materials and Methods: The expression level of TRIM16 of fresh primary tumor and adjacent normal tissues in 40 GC patients was evaluated by real-time quantitative PCR method. Moreover, patients were subdivided into high or low expression subgroups based on the TRIM16 expression levels. The relationship between TRIM16 expression level, β-catenin, Cyclin D, BCL2, some clinicopathological data and prognosis of GC patients was also analyzed. Results: qPCR analysis showed a lower level of TRIM16 in GC tissues (fold change=0.351) in comparison to their matched adjacent noncancerous tissues (p <0.001). Contrary to this, the expression levels of β-catenin, Cyclin D, and BCL2 genes were up-regulated in cancerous samples. This may explain the tumor suppressive function of TRIM16 in GC; as reduction in TRIM16 expression leads to the accumulation of mRNAs from β-catenin, Cyclin D, and BCL2 genes and eventually cancer progression. We did not observe any significant correlation between TRIM16 expression and patients’ overall survival. Univariate Cox regression analysis indicated that anemia, weight loss, bleeding, stomach ache, and smoking are statistically associated with overall survival; while, multivariate analysis did not support any correlation. Conclusions: In sum, this study suggests a tumor suppressive role for TRIM16 in gastric cancer and proposes it as a potential candidate for GC prognosis.