Document Type : Research Articles
Bueng Khong Long Hospital, Bueng Khong Long District, Bueng Kan Province, Thailand.
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.
ASEAN Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Research Group, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.
Cancer Unit, Srinagarind Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.
Background: Lung cancer (LC) is a common malignancy and leading cause of cancer death worldwide and in Thailand. An update on LC survival factors after diagnosis at Srinagarind Hospital is needed. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study, and the data were sourced from the Srinagarind Hospital-Based Cancer Registry. All LC cases were diagnosed between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2017, and followed up until November 30, 2019. Cases of LC (ICD-O-3) numbered 2,149, but only those with coding C34.0-C34.9 were included. The survival rate was estimated using Kaplan-Meier, while the Log-rank test was used to estimate survival. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazard regression models. Results: The 2,149 patients had a total follow-up of 269.6 person-years. Overall, 1,867 patients died during the study, for a corresponding case-fatality mortality rate of 86.0 per 100 person-years. The respective 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rate was 31.2 % (95% CI; 29.21 to 33.15%), 12.9 % (95%CI: 11.49 to 14.45), and 10.2% (95%CI: 8.74 to 11.70). After patient diagnosis, the median survival time was 0.46 years (5.51 months) (95% CI: 0.42 to 0.50). Targeted therapy was associated with longer survival than non-targeted therapy (p-value < 0.001). After adjusting for sex, TNM stage, and histologic type, multivariable analysis of the entire cohort identified chemotherapy as an independent predictor of improved survival (adjusted HR= 0.48; 95% CI: 0.42 to 0.55; P < 0.001), and that sex, TNM stage, and histologic type were associated with survival. Conclusion: The study confirmed that sex, stage of disease, histology, and chemotherapy are associated with survival of LC. Primary prevention and screening for early detection improve survival. Further investigations into factors affecting survival of LC in Northeast Thailand should focus on targeted therapy.