Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Nursing, Polytechnic of Health-Ministry of Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia.
Department of Nursing, Polytechnic of Health-Ministry of Padang, Padang, Indonesia.
Background and objective: Low motivation to quit smoking affects individual smoking behavior. Health education using audiovisual media can increase smokers’ motivation to quit smoking. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of health education using audiovisuals on the Santri smokers’ motivation to stop smoking. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was carried out using a pretest-posttest design. The sample in this study included Santri smokers studying at the Traditional Islamic Boarding School in Aceh Besar . This study consisted of 4 groups. Three groups were given intervention (audiovisual health education with different themes) and one group received just health education. Groups were compered in terms of difference in the mean smokers’ motivation to quit smoking. The data analysis was done by running paired t-test and one-way ANOVA. Results: The results of statistical tests showed that there was a difference in the mean motivation to quit smoking before and after the intervention in each group (mean ± SD for group 1 to 4 was 11.52 ± 4.76, 15.39 ± 6.06, 22.57 ± 6.23, and 9.84 ± 6.42, respectively). The highest increase in the mean motivation to quit smoking was allocated to group 3 who received audiovisual health education with the theme of risk of developing cancer due to smoking. Conclusion: Health education using audiovisuals could increase the motivation of students to quit smoking, especially interventions on the risk of developing cancer due to smoking. Therefore, health workers are suggested to use audiovisuals to implement various intervention in order to change smoking behavior in students.