Work Stress, Coping Strategies, and Health-Related Quality of Life among Nurses at an International Specialized Cancer Center

Document Type : Research Articles

Authors

King Hussien Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan.

Abstract

Objective: The main objective of this study is to identify work stress, coping strategies, and health-related quality of life and the relationship between them among oncology nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional design was conducted at King Hussein Cancer Center. A convenience sampling technique was used to select 446 nurses. A self-administered questionnaire was utilized using three scales: the Work Stressor Inventory for Nurses in Oncology, Revised Ways of Coping Checklist, and Research and Development 36-Item for Health Survey. Results: The results showed that the levels of work stress (2.61/5), using coping strategy scale (1.59/4), and health-related quality of life scale (50.54/100) were moderate. The total mean value of the work stress scale had a significant positive correlation with the total mean value of the coping strategy scale (r=0.322*, p < 0.05) and a significant negative correlation with health-related quality of life. Moreover, there is no significant correlation between the total mean value of the coping strategy scale and the health-related quality of life scale (r=0121, p >0.05). Age and years of experience were negatively correlated with health-related quality of life (r=0.217 and 0.182 respectively, p < 0.05). Conclusion: Oncology nurses had a moderate level of work stress, coping strategy scale, health-related quality of life scale. Work stress has a significant correlation with using coping strategies and health-related quality of life among oncology nurses. Proper training regarding effective coping strategies is required. More studies are recommended to examine work stress, coping strategy, and health quality of life among oncology nurses.

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Volume 22, Issue 9
September 2021
Pages 2995-3004
  • Receive Date: 03 April 2021
  • Revise Date: 15 July 2021
  • Accept Date: 20 September 2021
  • First Publish Date: 20 September 2021