Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Chemical Pathology, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Egypt.
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Pharos University, Egypt. Lecturer in the School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of East Anglia, UK.
Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Egypt.
Objective: The clinical outcomes of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and its sequelae including liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are greatly affected by host genetic factors; however, the possible mechanisms are still largely unclear. This work aimed to assess transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and patatin-like phospholipase domain containing-protein 3 (PNPLA3) genetic variants as risk factors for hepatic fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Egyptian patients with HCV-related liver cirrhosis. Methods: Seventy HCV-related liver cirrhosis patients (Total cirrhosis) who were divided into two groups; 34 patients with HCC (HCC group), and 36 patients without HCC (LC group) and 20 healthy volunteers (control group) were included. Routine laboratory investigations and imaging studies were determined. TGF-β1 (Arg25Pro; 915G>C) and PNPLA3 (I148M; C>G) variants were evaluated using real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR). Results: HCC group showed a significantly higher GG genotype distribution of TGF-β1 (Arg25Pro) than the LC group (P= 0.008, OR: 7.083, CI 95%: 1.422 – 35.282). The distributions of GG genotype (P= 0.047) and G allele (P= 0.002, OR: 4.395, CI 95%: 1.622 – 11.911) of PNPLA3 (I148M) were significantly higher in total cirrhosis patients than controls. Conclusion: TGF-β1 (Arg25Pro) GG variant may be associated with HCC risk in HCV-related liver cirrhosis patients, while PNPLA3 (I148M) GG variant may be associated with cirrhosis development but not HCC risk in HCV-related liver cirrhosis patients.