Serum Biomarkers for Chemotherapy Cardiotoxicity Risk Detection of Breast Cancer Patients

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Al-Balqa Applied University, Zarqa College, Department of Allied Medical Sciences, Zarqa, Jordan.

2 Higher Colleges of Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

3 Biolab Diagnostic Laboratories, Amman, Jordan.

4 Hashemite University, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Zarqa, Jordan.

5 Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester Centre for Genomics Medicine, Manchester, UK.


Objective: This study aimed to investigate level fluctuations of serum biomarkers that are associated with cardiotoxicity risk, such as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and apolipoprotein-B (Apo-B) in response to chemotherapy treatment for breast cancer. Method: The serum levels of hs-CRP and Apo-B were evaluated in 56 breast cancer patients with main inclusion criteria: HER2 negative and who received adjuvant chemotherapy AC [A: Adriamycin, C: Cyclophosphamide] or AC→T [A: Adriamycin, C: Cyclophosphamide, T: Taxane] regimes at early II (n = 26) and late IV (n = 30) clinical stages by using particle enhanced turbidimetric assay. Results: The results of this study suggest that a high level of pre-treatment hs-CRP is a good prognostic marker in comparison to Apo-B. Moreover, the AC-T chemotherapy regime treatment in both early and late stages exhibited a significantly higher level of hs-CRP compared to that in the AC regime. Hs-CRP was significantly elevated in the early stage in comparison to the late stage among cancer patients, meanwhile Apo-B behaved inversely. Furthermore, the results showed that hs-CRP levels were significantly higher in late-stage cancer patients compared with those in early-stage in both chemotherapy regimens groups. On the other hand, Apo-B showed no significant differences. Conclusion: Monitoring hs-CRP level changes in comparison to Apo-B can be used to assist the side effect risk difference among different chemotherapy regimens, and staging reflecting a positive correlation between them more notable in the late stage.


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