Evaluation of Silver Nanoparticles Caffeic Acid Complex Compound as New Potential Therapeutic Agent against Cancer Incidence in Mice

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of chemistry, Faculty of Science, Helwan University, Egypt.

2 Department of Biochemistry, Radiation Biology Department, National Center for Radiation Research and Technology, Egypt.

3 Department of Organic Chemistry, Petrochemical Department, Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Egypt.


Objective: The present work was designed to study the effect of new conjugated caffeic and folic acid with silver nanoparticles with definite molecular size applied with and without gamma radiation exposure, as an antitumor agent against experimentally induced Ehrlich tumor and attempted to identify their potential molecular mechanisms of action throughout determination of anti-tumor activities using MTT cytotoxic assay against two human carcinoma cell lines in vitro, such as apoptosis analysis by flow cytometry through caspase-8, caspase-3 and TNF determination in vivo. Materials and Methods: Adult female albino mice were used and divided into five groups. Animals were sacrificed and the following parameters were estimated, glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD) in blood in addition to caspase8, caspase 3 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) of tumor tissue, liver and kidney function also measured in plasma. The tumor specimens were processed for histopathological examination. Results: Nano-silver folate caffeic (NSFC) complex compound treatment resulted in growth inhibition in Ehrlich solid tumor, Hep-G2, and MCF-7 cells (IC50 0.062 mg, 7.70 µM, and 14.50 µM, respectively). Flow cytometric analysis revealed that (NSFC) with radiation IR had apoptotic effects at caspases 8 (Mean±SD) (49.4±14), caspase3 (39.97±9.75), and TNF (40.1±3.4) more than any other groups. Those disturbances were found to be associated with a kinetic induction of apoptosis and showed modulation of the antioxidant system {glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) which were 60.70±0.80, 26.73±0.80, 39.52±0.58 respectively}at the group which took (NSFC+IR), besides its high percentage of necrotic cells by histopathological studies. In conclusion, the present study showed that the treatment of (NSFC) exhibits very efficient oncolytic activity in delaying tumor growth in mice bearing Ehrlich Solid Carcinoma (ESC) and the mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect of the present compound involve both an apoptotic effect against Hep-G2 and MCF-7 cells and modulation of antioxidant system.


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