Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, University of Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Central Java, 57126, Indonesia.
Dr Moewardi General Hospital, Surakarta, Central Java, 57126, Indonesia.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Central Java, 57126, Indonesia.
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Syiah Kuala, Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy on anxiety, depression, and quality of life of pre-diagnosed lung cancer patients. Methods: A total of 32 pre-diagnosed subjects were divided into 16 Cognitive behaviour theraphy (CBT)-intervention patients and 16 control subjects. The study subjects were pre-diagnosed lung cancer patients hospitalized at Regional Public Hospital Dr. Moewardi Surakarta. For the treatment group, CBT psychotherapy interventions were given for up to 6 sessions every 2 days. The patient was tested for Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS)-based anxiety symptom criteria and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HRSD)-based depression and followed The World Health Organization Quality of Life- Brief version (WHOQOL-BREF)-based quality of life criteria. The effect of CBT intervention was measured using an independent t-test and the Mann–Whitney test. Results: There was a significant difference in the intervention group post-test: HARS criteria decreased by −8.38 ± 2.90, HRSD decreased by an average of −6.75 ± 3.30, and WHOQOL-BREF increased by an average of 16.80 ± 10.13 compared with the control group. Conclusion: CBT affects the improvement of anxiety, depression, and quality of life for pre-diagnosed lung cancer patients.