Effect of Ionizing Radiation on the Transcript Variants Expression of p21 Gene

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Department of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran.

3 Department of Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Allied Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

4 Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.


Purpose: CDK1A is one of the most important genes that have different key roles in cell lines. This gene has several transcript variants. Investigating of expression of each one actually can be so important because any one of them may have a separate unknown role in cancer cells so can be used to increase therapeutic efficacy. Methods: A549, MDA–MB–231 and Hek–AD cell lines were used in this study. Firstly, three primers for variants of p21 gene were designed by Snapgene and BLAST software. Secondly, the variants expression was checked for each cell lines by RT–qPCR technique, separately. Then the variants that expressed in the cells were selected for more investigation. Finally 2 Gy irradiation was used to evaluate the effect of that on variants expression. Results: The results show that for all cell lines, primer num1 and 3 expressed before any stimuli. After irradiation, for MDA–MB–231 and A549, the expression of primer num3 was decreased, while for Hek–AD no change was observed. The primer num1 expression after the irradiation was different for the cells, V1 expression was decreased in A549 by fold of 0.03 while expression of this for MDA–MB–231 cells was not changed after 2Gy irradiation. Conclusion: It is very necessary to pay attention to the function of each splice variant as well as the response to external stimuli. Understanding the role of each variant in a gene is critical and researchers can use that to improve radiotherapy as well.


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