Clinical Implication of Toll-Like Receptors (TLR2 and TLR4) Polymorphisms in Adult Patients with Acute B-cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Hematology Unit Clinical Pathology, Mansoura University, Egypt.

2 Oncology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine Oncology Center, Mansoura University, Egypt.

3 Hematology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine Oncology Center Mansoura University, Egypt.


Backgrounds: Neutropenia after intensive chemotherapy of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) could lead to infectious complications that affect outcome of acute leukemia patients. Many single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) can affect the genetic susceptibility to infections. We investigated the impact of different SNPs on the incidence of developing sepsis and pneumonia in patients with newly diagnosed B-ALL following induction chemotherapy. Subjects and methods: We analyzed three SNPs in the TLR2 (Arg753Gln) and TLR4 (Asp299Gly& Thr399Ile) genes using polymerase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in a case control study of 40 precursor B-ALL patients and 50 control subjects. The risk of developing sepsis and pneumonia were assessed by multiple logistic regression analyses. Results: The presence of the TLR-2 AG polymorphism was significantly associated with pneumonia in B-ALL patients. Furthermore, TLR4 Thr399Ile AG was a risk factor for sepsis in B-ALL patients. Moreover; Significant association between TLR-2 AA, TLR-4 CC and TL-4 AA genotypes and longer OS were detected in studied B-ALL patients. Conclusion: We concluded that TLR-4 (AG and CT) genotypes are associated with high susceptibility to sepsis and pneumonia respectively; while, TLR-2, TLR-4 AA and TLR-4 CC genotypes  could predict good B-ALL patients outcome.


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