The Acceptance of Human Papillomavirus Self-Sampling Test among Muslim Women:A Systematic Review

Document Type : Systematic Review and Meta-analysis


Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.


Introduction: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling test has the potential to increase cervical cancer screening rate. Although every screening test has its own advantages and disadvantages, culture and religion can be significant predictors for the acceptability of screening tests among patients, including the HPV self-sampling test. This systematic review intends to identify and review published literature on the acceptance of HPV self-sampling test among Muslim women globally. Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) review protocol was utilised to guide this systematic review. We also used the Mixed Method Appraisal Tool (MMAT) for the evaluation of articles, and data from selected papers were retrieved and analysed using thematic analysis. Results: This systematic review includes seven publications that discussed on Muslim women’s perceptions of HPV self-sampling test. This comprises articles that revealed Muslim women’s acceptance of the HPV self-sampling test, including considerable positive factors that influenced their approval. On the other hand, the test’s disadvantages were mentioned, which served as barriers for these women’s participation. Convenience, cultural sensitivity, and availability were positive features, whereas religious taboo, low self-confidence, and perceived cost were some of the negative factors that were discussed. Conclusion: This review emphasises the positive and negative aspects that have an impact on the acceptance of HPV self-sampling test among Muslim women. Identifying the elements that influence HPV self-sampling test acceptance will help policymakers to better understand cervical cancer screening programmes and further guide future plans in reducing the incidence of cervical cancer.


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