Document Type : Research Articles
Department of General Surgery, University Medical Center, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Department of Clinical Laboratory, University Medical Center, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Training and Scientific Research Department, University Medical Center, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Background: Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a hereditary disorder primarily caused by germline mutations in the APC gene. The most common type of mutation in the APC gene is point mutation, while deletion mutation is much less frequent. The current study was conducted to investigate the mutation spectrum of the APC gene in Vietnamese FAP patients. Methods: Patients with the clinical diagnosis of FAP on colorectal endoscopy were screened for mutations in the APC gene using Sanger sequencing. Those who exhibited no point mutation subsequently underwent MLPA assay to detect deletion and duplication mutations. Besides, the relatives of patients with mutated APC genes were recruited for detecting carrier status. Results: Sixty-three patients with clinical colorectal polyposis were recruited. Mutations in the APC gene were detected in 26/63 patients (41.3%). Genetic analysis of 105 asymptomatic relatives of these 26 patients found mutations in the APC gene in 55 individuals (52.4%). Conclusion: We successfully established the APC gene mutation spectrum in Vietnamese FAP patients for the first time. Of importance, we discovered two novel point mutations in the APC gene. The high prevalence of carrier status in asymptomatic family members of patients with mutation emphasizes the crucial role of appropriate genetic screening for early diagnosis, surveillance, and preventive measurements.