Antiproliferative Activities of Lipophililic Fluoroquinolones- Based Scaffold Against a Panel of Solid and Liquid Cancer Cell Lines

Document Type : Research Articles


1 School of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Queen Rania Street, Jordan.

2 School of Pharmacy, Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

3 Leibniz Institut für analytische Wissenschaften - ISAS e.V. Bunsen-Kirchhoff-Str.1144139 Dortmund, Germany,

4 Hamdi Mango Center for Academic Research, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Queen Rania Street, Jordan


Objectives: In this work, 9 lipophilic-acid chelating FQs (fluoroquinolones) comprising chelating groups  have been prepared, characterized and screened for in vitro cytotoxicity, radical scavenging and antiinflammation propensities.Methods: Using sulforhodamine B colorimetric bioassay vs. cisplatin; FQs-inflicted reductions’ of viability against breast T47D and MCF7, Pancreatic PANC-1, colorectal HT29, HCT116, SW620, CACO2, SW480 and Leukaemia K562 cancer cell lines were examined in quadruplicates/dose/cell line. Parameters including potency, toxicity, and selectivity (potency/toxicity) have been reported along with DPPH- and NO- radicals’ scavenging capacities -as their molecular action mechanism- in comparison to ascorbic acid and indomethacin respectively. Using Griess assay in Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) prompted RAW264.7 macrophages; mitigation of inflammation was investigated. Results: nitroFQ 3b, unlike the rest of FQs in PANC1 and MCF7 cells, exhibited remarkably superior NO-radical scavenging/antiinflammation capacity to indomethacin with respective antiproliferative IC50 values (<50µM) 49 vs. cisplatin’s 122 and 6 vs. cisplatin’s 28 (p<0.01-0.001; n=4). Reduced FQ 4b of significantly dual DPPH-NO scavenging propensities exerted exceptionally substantial micromolar antiproliferation in colorectal cancer cells with respective antiproliferative IC50 values (<50µM) of HCT116 0.84< HT29 1.6<PANC1 5.7<SW620 9.2 vs. cisplatins’, (p<0.01-0.001; n=4). FQ 5a of superb NO radical reduction effect had antiproliferative IC50 value (<50µM) of 37.6 in PANC1 cells. In breast cancer T47D the ascending order of pronounced nano-micromolar antiproliferative IC50 values (<50µM) was 4d<3d<4a<4b<3b (0.009<0.59<10<15<41 vs. cisplatins’, p<0.01-0.001; n=4). Both 4d and 4b displayed both DPPH-NO radicals reduction –related cytotoxicities. NO radical scavengers 3d and 3b as well as DPPH radical scavenger 4a exerted highly appreciably relevant antineoplastic affinities. Conclusion: Acidic groups and C8-C7 ethylene diamine Chelation Bridge along with bulky dual halogenations can be substantially associated with molecular action mechanisms of FQs cytotoxicities, antioxidative and antiinflammation effects, collectively. 


Main Subjects

Volume 23, Issue 5
May 2022
Pages 1529-1537
  • Receive Date: 24 May 2021
  • Revise Date: 25 March 2022
  • Accept Date: 23 May 2022
  • First Publish Date: 23 May 2022