Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.
Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.
Background: Antiangiogenic agents are commonly used for the management of many types of cancers. Flaxseed oil is a wealthy source of omega-3,omega-6, and lignans, and possesses anticancerous and antioxidant activities. Objective: To investigate the antiangiogenic activity of flaxseed oil alone and in combination with mefenamic acid in a dose-response study. Methods: Oil was extracted from flaxseeds. The ex vivo rat aorta ring assay was used to screen the flaxseed oil alone and in combination with mefenamic acid for possible antiangiogenic activity. Also, the assay was used to determine the dose–response effect.An in vivo chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay was used to quantify the zone of inhibition of blood vessel by flaxseed oil. Results: The 200,100,50,25,12.5, and 6.25µg/ml of the flaxseed oil inhibited blood vessel growth with values of 91±0.42, 84±2.06,36±2.71, 21±2.15,23±1.56, and 5±0.93%, respectively, withan IC50 value of 45.695 µg/ml. These concentrations showed a dose-dependent inhibition of angiogenesis. At 200, 100, and 50 µg/ml of flaxseed oil in combination with 50 µg/ml of mefenamic acid inhibited blood vessel growth with inhibition percentages of 81.48±0.82,79.63±0.75, and 77.78±1.26, respectively, with an IC50 of 2.27 µg/ml. Also, these concentrations indicated a dose-dependent inhibition of angiogenesis. Flaxseed oil produced a significant inhibition zone of blood vessels in the CAM assay. The LD50 for flaxseed oil was 5.656g/kg. Conclusion: Flaxseed oil alone and in combination with mefenamic acid exhibited antiangiogenic activity both in ex vivo and in vivo assays. At doses of 2.5, 1.25, 0.625, and 0.312 g/kg of flaxseed oil intraperitoneally injected into mice, no symptoms of toxicity or death of mice due to acute toxicity were observed. However, doses of 5 and 10 g/kg of oil resulted in the death of the majority of mice.