Document Type : Research Articles
Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
Obstetric and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
Background: Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women worldwide. Unfortunately, early detection tests are relatively lacking. Diagnosis in the late stages of the disease carries a poor prognosis. Objective: To evaluate the relationship between miR-196a-2 rs11614913 polymorphism and ovarian cancer risk and prognosis in Egyptian females. Methods: In this case-control study, the participants were classified into 2 groups. Group A is the control group which included 50 healthy females. Group B included 50 patients newly diagnosed with ovarian carcinoma confirmed by histopathological analysis. Immunohistochemistry for P53 and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) for miR-196a-2 genotypes detection were performed. Results: There was a statistically significant difference among ovarian cancer cases and controls regarding genotypes (P = 0.003). However, the distribution of the T and C alleles in both studied groups showed no significant difference (P = 0.17). There was a statistically significant increase of CA 125 levels among CT and CC genotypes carriers of ovarian cancer cases (p = 0.04). Besides, there was a statistically significant correlation between miR-196a-2 polymorphism and each of tumor grade (P <0.001), p53 immunohistochemical expression (P= 0.002), and Figo classification (P <0.001). Conclusion: There was a statistically significant increase of CA 125 levels among C allele carriers of ovarian cancer cases. Besides, there was a statistically significant association between the miR-196a-2 polymorphism and each of tumor grade, p53 immunohistochemical expression, and Figo classification. So, miR-196a-2 polymorphism can be a possible prognostic factor in ovarian cancer.