Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
Molecular Medicine Research Center, Research Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Hematology and Laboratory Sciences, School of Para-Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
Department of Histology, School of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
Cimetidine and ibuprofen exhibit immunomodulatory effects as an antagonist of histamine H2 receptor, and a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, respectively. Here, the effects of cimetidine and ibuprofen on some effector T cell-related parameters were investigated using a breast cancer (BC) model. BC was established in Balb/c mice using the 4T1 cell line. On day 10 after tumor induction, the BC-bearing mice were classified into four groups and treated with PBS, cimetidine (20 mg/kg), ibuprofen (20 mg/kg) or a combination of “cimetidine + ibuprofen” via intraperitoneal injection (daily from days 11 to 30). The mice were sacrificed on day 31 and the frequency of splenic Th1 and Treg cells, plasma IFN-γ and TGF-β levels, and intra-tumoral T-bet, GATA3, FOXP3 and RORγt expressions were detected using flowcytometry, ELISA and real-time-PCR, respectively. In untreated cancerous mice, the percentage of splenic Th1 cells and plasma IFN-γ levels were lower (P<0.003 and P<0.01, respectively), whereas the percentage of splenic Treg cells and plasma TGF-β levels were higher than in healthy mice (P<0.04 and P<0.005, respectively). Treatment of BC-bearing mice with cimetidine, ibuprofen or both drugs promoted the frequency of Th1 cells (P<0.05, P<0.007 and P<0.005, respectively) as well as IFN-γ levels (P<0.004, P<0.0001 and P<0.03, respectively), while reduced the frequencies of Treg cells (P<0.02, P<0.03 and P<0.01, respectively), TGF-β levels (P<0.006, P<0.02 and P<0.002, respectively), intra-tumoral expression of FOXP3 (P<0.006, P<0.005 and P<0.005, respectively), and intra-tumoral expression of RORγt (P<0.04, P<0.03 and P<0.05, respectively) compared with untreated BC mice. The “cimetidine + ibuprofen”-treated mice displayed greater T-bet expression than the un-treated mice (P<0.006). Cimetidine and/or ibuprofen-treated BC-bearing mice exhibited reduced intra-tumoral expression of GATA3 compared with the untreated BC mice, but the differences were not significant. Cimetidine and ibuprofen correct some effector T cell-related parameters in cancerous mice. Immunotherapeutic potentials cimetidine and ibuprofen in cancers need investigations.