Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Radiation Oncology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Department of Neurosurgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Objective: Short-course radiotherapy (25 Gy in 5 fractions) has been shown to be non-inferior to standard course radiotherapy in elderly and frail patients (60 Gy in 30 fractions). The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of temozolomide combined with short-course radiotherapy on the outcome of elderly and frail patients. Methods: Between January 2017 and November 2018, 90 patients (65 years old and KPS score of 50-70; 65 years old and KPS score of 80-100; and 65 years old and KPS score of 50-70) were assessed for eligibility. Nine patients were excluded because they did not meet the inclusion criteria, six patients declined to participate, and four patients were unable to complete the quality-of-life questionnaire. The remaining 71 patients were divided into two arms at random in a 1:1 ratio. Short-course radiotherapy with concurrent temozolomide and adjuvant temozolomide was given to Arm 1, while short-course radiotherapy alone was given to Arm 2. Results: In terms of overall survival and progression-free survival, radiotherapy with concurrent temozolomide and adjuvant temozolomide outperformed short-course radiotherapy alone. The median overall survival in arm 1 was 146 days and 121 days in arm 2 (P=0.146). The median progression-free survival in arm 1 was 109.50 days, while it was 77 days in arm 2 (P=0.028). With a median follow-up time of 6 months, the quality of life at 4 weeks and 12 weeks after treatment was not different between the two arms. Conclusion: We concluded that adding temozolomide to short-course radiotherapy significantly improved progression-free survival and showed an increasing trend in overall survival without compromising the quality of life.