Association between Prestored Smartphone Monitored Physical Activity and the Risk of HPV Infection and Cervical Cancer

Document Type : Research Articles


Department of Gynecological Oncology, The Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Zhejiang Cancer Hospital), Institute of Basic Medicine and Cancer (IBMC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310022, China.


Objective: This study was to determine the prevalence of HPV in non-vaccinated women from East China, and the association between prestored smartphone monitored physical activity and the risk of human papillomaviruses (HPV) infection and cervical cancer. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of unvaccinated women received first-time cervical HPV screening in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences between March 2018 and December 2019. HPV genotyping was examined by the GenoArray. Physical activity defined by any movements at speeds of 0.5-2 m/s was obtained from smartphones. We collected prestored physical activity data for 6 months prior to the HPV screening. Logistic regression models were applied to determine the association between physical activity and the risk of HPV infection and cervical cancer. Results: A total of 11,730 women were initially included. Women with cervical cancer had significantly higher prevalence of infection with any high-risk (HR) HPV, or with individual HPV16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58. Among them, 896 controls and 289 cervical cancer women had information of smartphone monitored physical activity. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that more daily physical activity time (or distance) was a protective factor for infection with any HR HPV, or infection with HPV16, but not other individual HPVs. Increased age, less physical activity time (or distance), and infection with any HR HPV (16, 18, 31, 52 and 58) were associated with a significantly increased risk of cervical cancer. In contrast, obesity was not associated with risk of HPV infection and cervical cancer. Conclusion: The high prevalence of HPV infection in unvaccinated women highlights the importance of prevention. More daily physical activity time (or distance) may help to reduce the risk of HPV infection and cervical cancer. Smartphone monitoring is an effective tool for recording physical activity.


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