Neoadjuvant versus Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients with Resectable Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

Document Type : Research Articles


Urological Unit, Department of Surgery, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand.


Introduction: In regards to resectable muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) patients, contemporary guidelines recommend treatment with radical cystectomy and perioperative chemotherapy (neoadjuvant or adjuvant). In addition, the 5-year survival rate ranges from 36% to 48% in connection to T3 or T4 staged tumors or lymph node metastatic tumors. Perioperative treatment can improve overall survival, and the most robust evidence are in favor of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of perioperative chemotherapy on the survival of patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) who underwent radical cystectomy (RC). Methods: The medical records of ninety-four patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) that were treated with radical cystectomy and perioperative chemotherapy from 2008 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed at Songklanagarind hospital. Neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy groups were classified. Univariable and multivariable regression analyses were used to predict overall survival (OS) after treatment. The survival rates for each group were estimated and compared using long-rank testing. Results: Overall, we identified 94 eligible patients of whom 20 patients (21.2%) received neoadjuvant and 74 patients (78.8%) received adjuvant chemotherapy. The 5-year survival rate of the neoadjuvant group was 55.7%, and in regards to the adjuvant group it was 30.4%. A multivariable analysis yielded that, patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy had longer survival than those treated with adjuvant chemotherapy (p =0.039).  The median survival here as log rank compares median survival. Conclusion: The overall survival of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) was better than adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) in regards to muscle-invasive bladder cancer. These data could support the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in MIBC prior to radical cystectomy. 


Main Subjects

Volume 23, Issue 11
November 2022
Pages 3641-3647
  • Receive Date: 21 November 2021
  • Revise Date: 06 July 2022
  • Accept Date: 24 November 2022
  • First Publish Date: 24 November 2022