Document Type : Research Articles
Faculty of Medicine, Islamic Azad University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
Cellular, Molecular and Genetics Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Science, Kashan, Iran.
Background: This study aimed to investigate the association of rs1695 polymorphism in glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) with risk of oral cancer in a meta-analysis which was followed by a bioinformatics approach. Materials and methods: Related articles were collected through a systematic search in PubMed, Google Scholar, and EMBASE databases up to June 2022 and then screened. Finally, seven studies, including 1249 cases of oral cancer and 1861 healthy individuals, were included in our meta-analysis. Seven different genetic models including G vs. A, GG+GA vs. AA, GG vs. GA+AA, GA vs. GG+AA, GG vs. GA, GG vs. AA, and GA vs. AA were used for the calculation of odds ratio and 95% confidence interval in order to assess the association between GSTP1-rs1695 polymorphism and oral cancer risk. Also, the ethnicity-based stratified analyses were performed using the seven mentioned models. Some bioinformatics software was used to investigate the effect of rs1695 polymorphism on the primary, secondary, and three-dimensional structure of GSTP1. Results: Our results showed that rs1695 polymorphism was not associated with the risk of oral cancer in any seven genetic models (G vs. A: OR= 0.9331, 95%CI= 0.6339-1.3737, P= 0.726; GG vs. GA+AA: OR= 0.9112 , 95%CI= 0.6865-1.2093, P= 0.520; GG+GA vs. AA: OR= 0.9006, 95%CI= 0.5522-1.4690, P= 0.675; GA vs. GG+AA: OR= 0.8732, 95%CI= 0.5763-1.3230, P= 0.522; GG vs. AA: OR= 0.9516, 95%CI= 0.5503-1.6456, P= 0.859; GG vs. GA: OR= 1.0645, 95%CI= 0.7891-1.4359, P= 0.683; GA vs. AA: OR= 0.8825, 95%CI= 0.5499-1.4162, P= 0.604). Also, we did not observe any significant associations in ethnicity-based stratified analyses. But bioinformatics studies have shown that this polymorphism can alter the physicochemical properties and secondary structure of the protein. Conclusions: Based on results, the rs1695 polymorphism could not be considered a risk factor for oral cancer.