The Role of Claudin-1 Expression in Follicular and Papillary Thyroid Neoplasm

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia.

2 Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Muslim Indonesia.


Objective: This study evaluated differences in Claudin-1 expression between follicular adenoma (FA), follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC), follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma (FV-PTC), and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Material and methods: This study used a cross-sectional approach. Immunostaining using the polyclonal antibody Claudin-1 was performed on 75 samples divided into 20 samples for follicular adenoma, follicular thyroid carcinoma, papillary carcinoma, and 15 samples of follicular variant thyroid carcinoma, respectively. Results: Claudin-1 expression is detected on the cytoplasmic membrane of tumor cells and appears to be varied among thyroid neoplasms. The claudin-1 expression score revealed a statistically significant difference between FA against FV-PTC, FA versus (vs) PTC, and FTC vs PTC, with median values of 4 vs 6 (p = 0.016), 4 vs 8 (p = 0.001), and 5 vs 8 (p = 0.002), respectively. However, there was no statistically significant difference in scores between the FA and the FTC (4 vs 5), or between the FTC and the FV-PTC groups (5 vs 6 (p=1,000). Conclusion: These results suggest that Claudin-1 may be capable of discriminating follicular adenoma from classic and follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. It can also differentiate follicular thyroid carcinoma and papillary thyroid carcinoma, especially for cases challenging to assess by hematoxylin and eosin staining. It still holds promise in providing targeted cancer therapy.


Main Subjects

Volume 23, Issue 12
December 2022
Pages 4023-4027
  • Receive Date: 18 February 2022
  • Revise Date: 25 September 2022
  • Accept Date: 04 December 2022
  • First Publish Date: 04 December 2022